The federal government obligated $26.656 billion for science and engineering to colleges and universities in 2003, an increase of 9.1 percent over the previous year and the largest amount ever, according to a National Science Foundation report released Friday.
Most of the $2.225 billion increase in total funds came in the form of a spike in money for research and development, which rose to $22.811 billion in 2003from $21.155 billion in 2002. Funds for research and development facilities more than doubled, while facilities for science instruction declined, as seen in the following table:
Federal Obligations for Academic Science and Engineeering, 2002-3 (in millions)
|Activity||Fiscal 2003||Fiscal 2002||% change, current dollars||% change, 2000 dollars|
|Total academic science and engineering obligations||$26,656||$24,431||9.1||7.2|
|Research and development||22,811||21,155||7.8||5.9|
|Facilities, equipment for science instruction||80||110||-26.8||-28.1|
|Fellowships, traineeships and training grants||950||937||1.4||-0.4|
|General support, science and engineering||429||432||-0.7||-2.4|
|Other science and engineering activities||1,660||1,496||10.9||9.0|
Much of the overall increase in federal obligations was driven by a big boost in funds from the Department of Health and Human Services, to $15,876 in 2003, up from $14.493 the year before. In 2003, Congress completed a five-year campaign to double spending on the National Institutes of Health, which is part of HHS.
2003 Federal Obligations for Science, by Agency (in millions)
|Agency||Fiscal 2003||Fiscal 2002||% change, current dollars||% change, 2000 dollars|
|Health and Human Services||15,876||14,493||9.5||7.6|
|National Science Foundation||3,954||3,582||10.4||8.5|
|National Aeronautics and Space Administration||1,263||1,244||1.5||-0.3|
As usual, Johns Hopkins University led the way among academic institutions in federal obligations; the university's numbers are buttressed by federal support for its Applied Physics Laboratory. The top 20 universities largely held constant, as 19 of the 20 institutions in 2002 stayed there in 2003. The only exception was Boston University, which moved to 17th from 32nd in 2002. Boston benefited from a huge (but one-time) increase in NIH spending on academic facilities; that $128 million accounted for most of its $153 boost in funds.
BU bumped Cornell, which was 19th in 2002, out of the top 20.
Federal Science and Engineering Obligations to Universities, 2002-3 (in millions)
|Institution||2003 funds||2002 funds||2003 rank||2002 rank|
|Johns Hopkins U.||$1,137.4||$1,136.5||1||1|
|U. of Washington||631.1||576.7||2||2|
|U. of Michigan||520.8||456.8||3||4|
|U. of Pennsylvania||495.3||479.9||4||3|
|U. of Calfornia at Los Angeles||475.7||439.8||5||5|
|U. of California at San Diego||466.5||408.7||7||7|
|U. of Wisconsin at Madison||422.1||393.6||8||8|
|Washington U. in St. Louis||419.0||381.5||9||10|
|U. of Pittsburgh||394.7||351.4||12||15|
|U. of California at San Francisco||393.1||386.9||13||9|
|U. of Colorado||367.9||358.4||15||12|
|Pennsylvania State U. at University Park||345.9||317.8||18||20|
|U. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill||344.6||329.0||20||17|