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Private Gains, Public Stagnation

Private Gains, Public Stagnation
March 7, 2011

The median base salary increase for faculty members in 2010-11 was 1.1 percent, with increases of 0.0 percent at four-year public institutions and 2.0 percent at private institutions, according to a report being released today by the College and University Professional Association for Human Resources.

For public institutions, this is the second year in a row where the median increase is no increase at all. The median increase for faculty members at private institutions last year was 0.1 percent, so that sector is seeing a real rebound this year. In 2008-9, private institutions also outpaced publics in the size of the median increase in faculty salaries -- 4.0 percent to 3.5 percent.

CUPA's study is based on a survey of the salaries of faculty members at 497 private institutions and 315 public institutions -- none of which are community colleges. During the year studied, inflation increased by 1.6 percent, so while private college faculty members, on average, saw a modest gain on top of the cost of living, public college and university faculty members lost ground in real terms.

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The patterns generally were consistent across faculty ranks -- with the median increase for faculty members hovering around 2.0 percent for those at privates and nothing for those at publics. The only exception was for new assistant professors, where the median gain for those at public institutions was 1.4 percent and the median gain at private institutions was 1.0 percent. (The trend is also consistent for the salaries of senior administrators. CUPA released data last month showing that the median base salary increase for senior administrators this academic year is 1.4 percent, but that the median salary for public institutions showed no increase, while private institutions saw an increase of 2.0 percent.)

When examined by sector, the faculty data show that in 2006-7 and 2007-8, the median gains were roughly similar for public and private institutions, but that the privates have fared better ever since.

Percentage Increases in Faculty Salaries, by Sector

 

 

Classification

 

 

2006-7

 

 

2007-8

 

 

2008-9

 

 

2009-10

 

 

2010-11

 

 

Doctorate-Granting

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Private

 

 

3.8%

 

 

4.0%

 

 

4.1%

 

 

1.7%

 

 

2.2%

 

 

Public

 

 

3.9%

 

 

4.0%

 

 

3.3%

 

 

0.1%

 

 

0.4%

 

 

Master’s

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Private

 

 

3.6%

 

 

3.9%

 

 

3.9%

 

 

0.2%

 

 

2.0%

 

 

Public

 

 

3.9%

 

 

3.7%

 

 

3.6%

 

 

0.1%

 

 

0.0%

 

 

Baccalaureate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Private

 

 

3.9%

 

 

4.0%

 

 

4.0%

 

 

0.0%

 

 

1.9%

 

 

Public

 

 

4.2%

 

 

4.5%

 

 

3.7%

 

 

0.0%

 

 

0.0%

 

 

The CUPA faculty salary study is one of two major analyses published each year about what professors are paid. The other -- by the American Association of University Professors -- is not due out for another month. John W. Curtis, director of research and public policy for the AAUP, said that he expected his association's study to find trends similar to those identified by CUPA.

"We're seeing a continuation of the historically low salary levels we found last year," he said. "And we are also seeing a continued widening of the salary disadvantage for faculty in the public sector." Curtis noted the irony of the latter finding at a time that many politicians have been talking about "overpaid public-sector employees." Curtis said that this idea "doesn't hold for faculty members any more than it does for other public employees."

A major difference between the CUPA and AAUP studies is that the former includes breakdowns by discipline while the latter features breakdowns by institution. This year, as in past years, the CUPA analysis found wide variations in salary levels, at all ranks, by discipline. Faculty members in professional fields such as law and business generally do much better than those in the humanities.

For example, the average salary for a new assistant professor in business and management at a public institution is $97,381. New assistant professors in English at public institutions would see an average of $51,944 and in history of $51,712.

Following is a table for disciplines in the study.

Average Faculty Salaries by Discipline and Rank, 2010-11

Agriculture and related sciences
Professor $92,716
Associate Professor $72,805
Assistant Professor $62,122
New Assistant Professor $63,343
Instructor $45,057
Natural resources and conservation
Professor $93,375
Associate Professor $70,470
Assistant Professor $60,102
New Assistant Professor $56,070
Instructor $47,423
Architecture
Professor $97,505
Associate Professor $74,466
Assistant Professor $60,522
New Assistant Professor $57,510
Instructor $50,111
Area, ethnic, cultural and gender studies
Professor $97,637
Associate Professor $73,457
Assistant Professor $58,282
New Assistant Professor $58,827
Instructor $41,776
Communication and journalism
Professor $85,057
Associate Professor $65,444
Assistant Professor $54,303
New Assistant Professor $53,524
Instructor $45,070
Communications technologies and technicians
Professor $87,611
Associate Professor $65,162
Assistant Professor $55,474
New Assistant Professor $61,840
Instructor $51,400
Computer and information sciences and support services
Professor $101,985
Associate Professor $83,362
Assistant Professor $71,760
New Assistant Professor $72,199
Instructor $53,356
Education
Professor $83,748
Associate Professor $65,671
Assistant Professor $55,848
New Assistant Professor $55,379
Instructor $46,183
Engineering
Professor $114,365
Associate Professor $87,663
Assistant Professor $75,822
New Assistant Professor $76,518
Instructor $57,678
Engineering technologies / technicians
Professor $87,583
Associate Professor $72,351
Assistant Professor $62,081
New Assistant Professor $62,516
Instructor $49,994
Foreign languages, literatures and linguistics
Professor $85,139
Associate Professor $65,759
Assistant Professor $54,005
New Assistant Professor $52,968
Instructor $43,126
Family and consumer sciences
Professor $88,068
Associate Professor $67,934
Assistant Professor $57,484
New Assistant Professor $56,259
Instructor $45,247
Legal professions and studies
Professor $134,162
Associate Professor $99,746
Assistant Professor $84,374
New Assistant Professor $91,828
Instructor $64,785
English language and literature
Professor $80,545
Associate Professor $62,077
Assistant Professor $52,081
New Assistant Professor $51,786
Instructor $41,733
Liberal arts and sciences / general studies and humanities
Professor $83,573
Associate Professor $63,098
Assistant Professor $52,394
New Assistant Professor $51,568
Instructor $42,912
Library science
Professor $92,099
Associate Professor $68,213
Assistant Professor $55,015
New Assistant Professor $56,427
Instructor $47,253
Biological and biomedical sciences
Professor $92,505
Associate Professor $68,806
Assistant Professor $58,709
New Assistant Professor $57,272
Instructor $45,049
Mathematics and statistics
Professor $84,942
Associate Professor $66,263
Assistant Professor $56,337
New Assistant Professor $56,647
Instructor $42,538
Multidisciplinary studies
Professor $92,148
Associate Professor $71,058
Assistant Professor $57,645
New Assistant Professor $56,902
Instructor $47,435
Parks, recreation, leisure and fitness studies
Professor $80,366
Associate Professor $65,072
Assistant Professor $54,039
New Assistant Professor $54,444
Instructor $43,503
Philosophy and religious studies
Professor $85,073
Associate Professor $63,998
Assistant Professor $53,598
New Assistant Professor $52,270
Instructor $43,579
Theology and religious vocations
Professor $74,267
Associate Professor $59,593
Assistant Professor $52,241
New Assistant Professor $50,620
Instructor $46,042
Physical sciences
Professor $89,280
Associate Professor $67,590
Assistant Professor $57,447
New Assistant Professor $57,607
Instructor $43,980
Psychology
Professor $84,509
Associate Professor $64,892
Assistant Professor $55,133
New Assistant Professor $54,859
Instructor 445,421
Security and protective services
Professor $85,311
Associate Professor $66,094
Assistant Professor $54,639
New Assistant Professor $53,769
Instructor $44,052
Public administration and social service professions
Professor $90,251
Associate Professor $69,791
Assistant Professor $56,952
New Assistant Professor $58,230
Instructor $46,946
Social sciences
Professor $89,858
Associate Professor $69,064
Assistant Professor $58,436
New Assistant Professor $58,946
Instructor $46,158
Visual and performing arts
Professor $79,768
Associate Professor $62,686
Assistant Professor $52,127
New Assistant Professor $50,618
Instructor $43,464
Health professions and related clinical sciences
Professor $95,437
Associate Professor $75,207
Assistant Professor $63,518
New Assistant Professor $64,943
Instructor $52,720
Business, management and marketing
Professor $111,621
Associate Professor $93,767
Assistant Professor $87,248
New Assistant Professor $93,926
Instructor $57,873
History
Professor $82,202
Associate Professor $63,228
Assistant Professor $52,626
New Assistant Professor $52,470
Instructor $42,318

Full reports may be ordered from the association.

 

 

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