The increasing intensity of the competition on the college entrance examination is a reflection of mass higher education. Since 1999, China’s higher education system has experienced rapid expansion. With more than 2500 institutions of higher education and more than 30 million tertiary-level students, China is the largest higher education system in the world in its scale. In June 2012, 9.15 million students took the gaokao, the college entrance examination.
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July 8, 2012
May 6, 2012
“Korean students are everywhere on campus.” Korean students have become the largest group in international students at China’s academic institutions for a decade. In 2004, there were 43,617 Korean tertiary-level students in China, including 14,464 students in degree programs; in 2008, the total Korean students climbed to 66,806, including 25,701 students in degree programs. But along with the large scale participation of Korean students, there are several potential problems that should attract the attention of Korean students and their parents, the Korean and Chinese governments, Chinese universities, and other stakeholders.
August 25, 2011
“Every faculty member is under heavy research load, and the current system doesn’t encourage cooperation,” explained Prof. Wang Hongcai, a higher education scholar at Xiamen University responding to the question, “Why is there so little interdisciplinary and cross-institutional educational research in China?” at a seminar in Beijing last March. In fact, this situation exists in other disciplines and fields of study as well.
February 12, 2011
Since the draft of Outline of China’s National Plan for Medium and Long-Term Education Reform and Development (2010-2020) released in February 2010 by the Ministry of Education for public discussion, de-bureaucratization within institutions of higher education (gaoxiao qu xingzhenghua) has been a hot issue of debate. Colleges and universities have been objects of fierce public criticism from scholars, students, government, and other stakeholders. Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao opposed bureaucratization within higher education institutions.
November 30, 2010
China has experienced a dramatic expansion in higher education since 1999. With more than 29 million students, China has the largest higher education enrollment in the world. In 2009, the gross enrollment rate in higher education reached 24.2%. According to Martin Trow’s definition, China has entered the stage of mass higher education, which generally has a tertiary enrollment rate of 15% to 50%.