A new report from the Pen American Center, “Censorship and Conscience: Foreign Authors and the Challenge of Chinese Censorship,” includes a set of “core principles” for authors to consider when preparing to publish translations of their works in mainland China. For books that include sensitive content, the report recommends that authors should 1) “ensure that the contract with the Chinese publisher includes an agreement that any and all cuts or alterations made to the text must be approved in advance by the author,” 2) “negotiate with the publisher if any alterations to the text are proposed, to ensure that as much of the book’s original content is retained as possible” and 3) “engage an objective, expert third-party translator to vet the translated work -- particularly any sections dealing with sensitive topics known to be censored -- to ensure that no unauthorized alterations have been made.”
The report draws from interviews with foreign authors who did not discover censorship in Chinese translations of their works until after they were published, as well as interviews with foreign authors who have variously consented to and refused proposed changes in Chinese-language editions. The report recommends that authors resist censorship that “fundamentally alters the overall arguments expressed in the book” or that “fundamentally diminishes” the book's literary merit, or that deletes or distorts references to major historical, political or human rights topics such as the Tiananmen Square massacre. It also includes suggestions for authors who choose to accept censors' cuts or changes to their books to make the fact of those changes more visible to Chinese readers.
Three professors and a graduate student at China’s Tianjin University are among six defendants charged with economic espionage and theft of trade secrets regarding wireless signaling technology, the U.S. Department of Justice announced Tuesday. The indictment alleges that trade secrets stolen from U.S.-based Avago Technologies and Skyworks Solutions -- both of which design and develop a technology known as FBAR that filters wireless signals -- enabled Tianjin University "to construct and equip a state-of-the-art FBAR fabrication facility, to open ROFS Microsystems, a joint venture located in PRC state-sponsored Tianjin Economic Development Area (TEDA), and to obtain contracts for providing FBARs to commercial and military entities.”
Hao Zhang, a full professor at Tianjin and a Chinese citizen, was arrested on May 16 upon entry to the U.S. and is charged with conspiracy to commit economic espionage, conspiracy to commit theft of trade secrets, economic espionage, and theft of trade secrets. The five other indicted defendants include two former classmates of Zhang’s in a graduate electrical engineering program at the University of Southern California.
Zhang's defense attorney did not respond to a message seeking comment.
The Japanese government gives $5 million each to Columbia, Georgetown and MIT for endowed professorships in contemporary Japanese politics. Gifts come as some worry about political science shifting away from area studies.
An article in The New York Times details how Axact, a software company in Pakistan, operates a network of 370 websites that sell fake college and university degrees, earning the company millions of dollars a year. The websites feature videos with actors playing the parts of professors and others. The article quotes former employees as saying that the customers are a mix of people who know they are buying a fake degree and others who are duped into believing they are enrolling in legitimate institutions. A lawyer for the company denied that it was engaged in these activities and wrote to the Times that its reporter was “coming to our client with half-cooked stories and conspiracy theories.”
An art professor at the Cooper Union who is a member of the Gulf Labor Coalition reported that he was denied entry to the United Arab Emirates upon arrival at the Dubai airport for “security” reasons on May 11. Walid Raad, who has spoken publicly about labor conditions in the Gulf, particularly as they pertain to the construction of the Guggenheim Abu Dhabi, is reportedly the third member of the labor coalition to be denied entry to the UAE this spring and the second professor (the first was Andrew Ross, a professor of social and cultural analysis at New York University, which has a campus in Abu Dhabi).
“A couple of weeks ago, the Guggenheim stated that its Abu Dhabi branch is ‘an opportunity for a dynamic cultural exchange and to chart a more inclusive and expansive view of art history,’” Raad said in a written statement. “I agree. But I’ve wondered for some time now whether travel bans and deportations will be the fate of artists, writers and others who actually engage in this dynamic cultural exchange.”
The UAE embassy in Washington did not respond to a request for comment on Sunday.
Sydney Engelberg is a professor at Hebrew University of Jerusalem who teaches organizational management, and he allows students with babies to bring them to class. In a recent class, one such baby started crying, and the baby's mother started to leave the class with her child. Engelberg didn't want anyone to leave, so he held and calmed the baby without stopping his lecture. A photo of the professor posted to Facebook went viral on Thursday.
A new paper from the National Bureau of Economic Research explores the impact that Chinese graduate students had on the productivity of American professors when a change in China's policies in 1978 led to a sudden surge in the number of Chinese graduate students in the United States. The paper (abstract available here) uses databases that track the research output of American mathematics professors and that identify the graduate students working with individual American professors. The study finds that Chinese students were disproportionately likely to have Chinese-American faculty advisors, and that these advisors saw a notable increase in research productivity. Other American faculty members at these universities saw a decline in the numbers of students they mentored, and these professors saw a decline in their productivity.
The Conservative Party victory in Thursday's British elections could have important consequences for British universities, Times Higher Education reported. The Conservative Party has pledged a referendum on whether to leave the European Union, and academic leaders want to stay, given the research funds their institutions receive from the EU. The Conservatives have also pledged to tighten the rules on visas for international students -- a move that university leaders fear would result in enrollment declines.