In today’s Academic Minute, James Cavanagh of Brown University reveals how our brain and behavior can be influenced by our evolutionary past. Learn more about the Academic Minute here.
Higher Education Quick Takes
Building on research earlier this year that showed colleges are failing to reach high-achieving, low-income students, two researchers on Wednesday called for a nationwide expansion of a pilot program that sends information packets to those students. In a discussion paper for the Hamilton Project, part of the Brookings Institution, the researchers, Caroline Hoxby of Stanford University and Sarah Turner of the University of Virginia, renewed a call from their earlier work for sending high-achieving poor students information about their college options in a partnership with the College Board or ACT.
Arizona has sued the Maricopa Community College District, seeking to block it from granting in-state tuition rates to students who lack the legal authority to live permanently in the United States who qualify under President Obama's executive order for work permits, the Associated Press reported. The suit claims that the district is violating Arizona law barring any benefits for immigrants who are not legally entitled to stay in the United States. But Maricopa officials said that President Obama's executive order in fact does give these immigrants legal status.
The National Institutes of Health plans to sharply restrict its use of chimpanzees in biomedical research studies and retire most of the animals it now supports, adopting most of the recommendations emerging from a several-year study of the issue. Agency officials said they would retain (but not breed) several dozen chimpanzees for future research that meets rigorous guidelines set forth in a 2010 study by the Institute of Medicine. “Americans have benefited greatly from the chimpanzees’ service to biomedical research, but new scientific methods and technologies have rendered their use in research largely unnecessary,” Francis S. Collins, the NIH director, said in a statement. “Their likeness to humans has made them uniquely valuable for certain types of research, but also demands greater justification for their use. After extensive consideration with the expert guidance of many, I am confident that greatly reducing their use in biomedical research is scientifically sound and the right thing to do.”
George Pernsteiner, who led Oregon's university system for nearly a decade, has been named to succeed Paul Lingenfelter as president of the State Higher Education Executive Officers. The association represents the leaders of the public higher education systems in their states.
Imposing new regulations governing foreign university campuses in India have been drafted by the University Grants Commission and the Ministry of Human Resource Development, The Times of India reported. The regulations would require foreign educational institutions to operate as nonprofit entities and maintain a corpus fund of at least 250,000,000 rupees, or more than $4 million, per campus. Only those institutions listed in the top 400 of three major world university rankings systems need apply. And foreign universities would face restrictions on their teaching activities: they would not be permitted to offer a course that, as the newspaper reported, “adversely affects the sovereignty and integrity of India or its friendly relations with other countries.”
The National Collegiate Athletic Association’s 27-month-long investigation into improper recruiting at the University of Oregon came to a close Wednesday, with the NCAA finding that the institution and its former head football coach had failed to monitor the program. The sanctions were lighter than some expected, after a the lengthier-than-usual process prompted speculation that Oregon might get hammered and Coach Chip Kelly left this year to lead the NFL’s Philadelphia Eagles. By doing so, he avoided the 18-month show cause order that the NCAA announced Wednesday, which would have hindered his ability to be hired at another college.
The university used a recruiting service provider (which in theory are supposed merely to evaluate athletes' talent and report back) “who became a representative of the university’s athletic interests," the NCAA said in its public infractions report. The recruiter provided prospects with impermissible benefits including cash and lodging, and provided staff members with information beyond what recruiting services typically deliver. Further, non-coaching staff asked the recruiter to have prospects contact them and had frequent communication with recruits, against NCAA rules. At one point, the university paid the recruiting service $25,000 for scouting reports it never received.
Penalties (which were almost entirely self-imposed by the university) include three years’ probation, during which time the university may not subscribe to recruiting services and will lose three football scholarships, and a reduction in football prospect evaluation days and visits.
The U.S. economy will create 55 million job openings between now and 2020, according to a new study from Georgetown University's Center on Education and the Workforce. Roughly 65 percent of those jobs will require at least some college credits, the study found. A bachelor's degree will be a minimum requirement for 35 percent of job openings. Given current rates, the economy will face a shortfall of 5 million workers with some higher education.
In today’s Academic Minute, Dustin Goltz of DePaul University explains the shifting meaning of “coming out” among different generations within the gay community. Learn more about the Academic Minute here.
Wednesday's Academic Minute linked to the wrong podcast for much of the day. Our apologies. To hear yesterday's podcast about environmental risk from aging sewers, please click here.
WASHINGTON — A key higher education policy aide to the Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions will move to the Education Department, filling one of the many vacancies in higher education policymaking that have added up since President Obama won re-election last November. Spiros Protopsaltis, who has worked for two and a half years as a senior education policy adviser for the committee's Democrats, will join the Education Department's Office of Planning, Evaluation and Policy Development. That office has been without a leader since assistant secretary Carmel Martin left for the Center on American Progress, and has seen departures from other policymakers as well.