In 1970, 29 percent of the world's college students were enrolled in the United States, which had 6 percent of the world's population. But 2006, the United States enrolled only 12 percent of the world's students. The United States actually grew in enrollments, but other parts of the world -- especially China -- experienced surges far beyond the totals in the U.S.
The "Bologna Process," under which European nations have agreed on common higher education standards -- with the goal of making degrees and students recognized and respected across borders -- continues to attract increased attention in the United States. In his new book, Paul L. Gaston, Trustees Professor at Kent State University, considers the evolution of Europe's plans and their impact on American higher education.