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Study finds minimal increases in average faculty salaries

Minimal Gains in Faculty Pay
March 11, 2013

Median salaries for tenure-track faculty members at four-year colleges and universities were up 2.1 percent in 2012 -- matching the rate of inflation for the year, according to a study being released today by the College and University Professional Association for Human Resources.

Continuing a pattern of recent years, gains were larger for faculty members at private colleges and universities (2.4 percent) than at publics (1.9 percent). And also continuing the trends of many years, faculty salaries differ widely by discipline. For example, the average assistant professor of engineering earned about $80,000 while the average associate professor of foreign languages earned about $67,000.

The CUPA-HR study is one of two surveys on faculty salaries released each year. CUPA-HR compiles data by discipline, and includes only four-year colleges and universities. The other survey is by the American Association of University Professors, and will be released next month. That study features averages by institution and includes community colleges, and full-time, non-tenure-track faculty members. John W. Curtis, director of research and public policy at the AAUP, said that an early look at his association's data suggests similar findings to those of CUPA-HR, but perhaps with smaller gains.

Both studies exclude the part-time faculty members who on many campuses make up a majority of those teaching.

CUPA-HR last month released its annual survey of the salaries of senior administrators -- and their average gains for 2012 (2.5 percent at private institutions and 2.0 percent at public institutions) outpaced those of faculty members.

The past four years have seen private institutions outpace publics in the faculty salary study.

Percentage Increase in Average Salary for Tenured and Tenure-Track Faculty

Year Public Private
2009-10 0.0% 0.1%
2010-11 0.0% 2.0%
2011-12 1.1% 2.3%
2012-13 1.9% 2.4%

Gains were largest at doctoral institutions (2.5 percent), followed by baccalaureate institutions (2.1 percent) and master's institutions (2.0 percent).

While there is very little movement in the salary figures by discipline, these statistics are regularly eyed by faculty members -- especially those who feel that their disciplines are not sufficiently valued. As has been the case previously, the disciplines where faculty members earn the most are law, business and engineering. The ranks for the highest salaries are the same for public and private institutions.

For lowest salaries, there are differences between public and private institutions. At private institutions, the lowest salaries are in theology, parks and recreation and homeland security. At public institutions, the lowest are in visual and performing arts, English and history.

In the table that follows, there are some fields where some colleges may differ from others in the way they classify faculty members. So, for example, an English or history faculty member might be in the individual categories here at one institution and in "liberal arts" at another. Here are the figures for tenured and tenure-track faculty salaries:

Average Salaries by Discipline and Rank

Discipline and Rank All Research Universities Other Doctoral Master's Bachelor's
All Disciplines                                             
Professor $95,224 $115,579 $98,564 $87,008 $82,383
Associate Professor 74,473 85,135 76,868 70,716 66,107
Assistant Professor 64,414 74,064 66,811 61,253 56,619
New Assistant Prof 65,372 74,692 67,419 60,814 56,523
Agriculture          
Professor 94,432
102,626
89,990 81,276 73,484
Associate Professor 74,386
78,067
82,283 66,380 66,271
Assistant Professor 64,868
69,567
67,284 57,972 58,366
New Assistant Prof 64,823
71,567
- - - 56,666 - - -
Natural Resources          
Professor 93,540
101,804
98,495 81,327 84,297
Associate Professor 72,547
76,804
78,452 66,714 66,232
Assistant Professor 61,790
65,725
- - - 57,904 57,453
New Assistant Prof 61,827
67,090
- - - 57,549 53,330
Architecture                                             
Professor 102,902
105,603
- - - 89,519 - - -
Associate Professor 78,077
78,033
78,944 79,692 - - -
Assistant Professor 64,903
65,262
70,434 61,654 - - -
New Assistant Prof 64,352
65,334
- - - - - - - - -

Area, Ethnic, Cultural, Gender, Group Studies

         
Professor 96,312 105,669 94,154 81,883 96,336
Associate Professor 74,437 77,774 69,138 67,989 77,389
Assistant Professor 60,356 61,512 60,738 57,068 62,173
New Assistant Prof 63,075 63,753 - - - 62,968 60,244
Communication, Journalism          
Professor 87,353 105,011 92,113 82,653 74,380
Associate Professor 67,077 74,347 68,626 66,059 60,355
Assistant Professor 55,995 59,802 57,806 55,161 52,138
New Assistant Prof 56,804 61,063 62,187 54,914 51,247
Communications Technologies          
Professor 85,051 - - - - - - 88,145 - - -
Associate Professor 70,667 - - - 67,524 75,888 60,965
Assistant Professor 57,819 - - - - - - 58,267 - - -
New Assistant Prof 52,569 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Computer Sciences and Support Services          
Professor 106,568 131,036 111,262 99,135 90,467
Associate Professor 88,215 104,153 90,462 84,285 76,807
Assistant Professor 75,294 89,890 78,519 72,689 62,530
New Assistant Prof 78,962 92,047 79,881 72,025 72,685
Education          
Professor 86,630 101,744 88,901 82,011 74,139
Associate Professor 67,831 73,487 69,177 66,455 61,769
Assistant Professor 57,617 61,404 59,607 56,832 52,887
New Assistant Prof 56,602 61,052 58,120 54,940 52,807
Engineering          
Professor 119,951 130,844 119,991 101,675 90,912
Associate Professor 91,707 96,459 93,157 84,543 75,630
Assistant Professor 80,078 83,667 81,287 74,514 68,706
New Assistant Prof 80,183 83,775 83,906 73,541 67,042
Engineering Technologies  
Professor 94,164 121,999 97,862 88,362 75,876
Associate Professor 77,099 85,065 76,602 76,562 66,563
Assistant Professor 67,053 73,526 69,274 66,461 58,926
New Assistant Prof 66,389 69,771 74,118 64,394 60,828
Foreign Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics       
Professor 87,952 98,159 87,884 79,569 89,644
Associate Professor 67,745 70,129 65,649 64,677 69,672
Assistant Professor 56,486 59,314 57,332 53,937 56,797
New Assistant Prof 56,081 58,927 57,560 53,247 56,686
Family, Consumer Sciences             
Professor 92,783 104,817 97,052 78,095 67,946
Associate Professor 69,832 76,743 67,766 63,406 59,278
Assistant Professor 59,849 64,495 57,223 55,601 54,090
New Assistant Prof 59,773 62,601 57,849 56,385 - - -
Legal Professions             
Professor 142,033 159,879 153,103 123,501 107,223
Associate Professor 106,016 117,755 115,077 93,163 85,376
Assistant Professor 91,783 104,924 98,231 78,386 87,746
New Assistant Prof 100,396 107,344 - - - 91,226 - - -
English             
Professor 82,840 97,253 85,757 80,636 77,288
Associate Professor 64,009 69,181 66,470 63,318 61,158
Assistant Professor 54,084 58,403 57,175 53,119 51,841
New Assistant Prof 53,968 57,625 57,833 51,991 51,982
Liberal Arts, General Studies  
Professor 85,162 95,859 92,918 80,792 86,641
Associate Professor 66,531 72,958 67,791 63,820 67,262
Assistant Professor 57,811 60,672 57,978 56,743 54,362
New Assistant Prof 56,778 63,498 - - - 50,779 - - -
Library Sciences          
Professor 87,861 98,553 82,325 76,708 - - -
Associate Professor 69,788 77,395 71,112 63,702 - - -
Assistant Professor 57,956 63,148 57,637 53,144 - - -
New Assistant Prof 57,112 62,057 - - - 48,582 - - -
Biological Sciences             
Professor 96,241 118,048 104,955 82,378 78,958
Associate Professor 72,104 83,411 80,025 65,054 63,347
Assistant Professor 61,861 72,488 68,027 55,907 54,716
New Assistant Prof 61,464 72,138 69,251 55,396 54,118
Mathematics, Statistics             
Professor 88,057 106,095 90,696 82,681 78,851
Associate Professor 68,510 77,877 70,583 65,710 63,732
Assistant Professor 58,917 69,874 60,097 56,065 53,976
New Assistant Prof 60,924 71,412 64,569 55,459 53,330
Interdisciplinary             
Professor 97,464 120,029 94,158 84,983 89,464
Associate Professor 73,782 82,365 78,499 71,289 64,027
Assistant Professor 61,646 65,840 64,877 59,952 57,602
New Assistant Prof 62,670 66,276 - - - 56,448 57,954
Leisure and Fitness Studies             
Professor 82,996 103,378 89,460 79,810 71,202
Associate Professor 67,754 76,600 69,667 65,935 61,437
Assistant Professor 56,543 64,474 61,088 55,062 50,908
New Assistant Prof 56,051 63,044 55,655 54,221 49,506
Philosophy, Religion          
Professor 88,711 102,280 96,836 83,838 84,961
Associate Professor 66,239 71,902 69,324 63,653 65,363
Assistant Professor 55,844 59,359 58,180 54,066 55,063
New Assistant Prof 55,644 58,887 55,149 54,795 52,836
Theology          
Professor 73,942 107,141 79,787 74,593 69,296
Associate Professor 60,804 74,196 60,490 60,211 58,439
Assistant Professor 53,802 65,276 - - - 53,498 51,259
New Assistant Prof 57,857 - - - - - - 57,817 - - -
Physical Sciences             
Professor 92,452 113,188 95,328 84,328 83,737
Associate Professor 70,255 80,735 72,336 65,933 65,794
Assistant Professor 60,404 70,466 62,711 56,013 56,353
New Assistant Prof 61,204
72,196
60,326 55,899 57,037
Psychology          
Professor 87,500 109,012 91,203 82,373 78,841
Associate Professor 67,502 76,717 70,095 65,113 63,252
Assistant Professor 57,695 65,900 59,313 55,819 53,952
New Assistant Prof 59,221
66,816
57,430 55,865 53,513
Instructor 52,105 53.110 --- 48,109 49,420
Homeland Security, Law Enforcement, Firefighting  
Professor 88,577 111,652 87,460 84,474 69,532
Associate Professor 67,849 76,945 67,918 66,978 58,238
Assistant Professor 57,299 63,433 57,282 57,328 51,911
New Assistant Prof 56,675
60,929
56,938 57,067 49,501
Public Administration and Social Service Professions  
Professor 93,098 111,405 96,714 82,573 72,645
Associate Professor 71,682 79,122 72,944 69,095 60,535
Assistant Professor 59,650 66,385 61,243 57,276 50,650
New Assistant Prof 59,222 66,663 57,372 56,661 53,620
Social Sciences          
Professor 92,864
110,032
95,338 85,496 87,890
Associate Professor 71,723
79,514
74,197 68,181 69,066
Assistant Professor 61,155
67,731
63,757 58,057 58,556
New Assistant Prof 62,443
69,426
64,636 57,900 58,253
Visual and Performing Arts          
Professor 82,601 91,433 86,304 78,701 80,530
Associate Professor 64,506 68,355 66,927 62,737 63,218
Assistant Professor 54,138 56,471 55,710 52,969 53,350
New Assistant Prof 53,624 55,031 55,199 52,762 52,672
Health Professions and Related Programs    
Professor 100,901 118,693 92,345 89,338 81,378
Associate Professor 78,739 88,399 73,128 74,224 66,722
Assistant Professor 67,160 74,238 64,327 64,002 58,152
New Assistant Prof 68,574 79,073 64,306 64,215 56,592
Business, Management, Marketing
Professor 118,344 153,267 123,984 106,554 90,115
Associate Professor 100,066 123,768 104,645 92,760 78,447
Assistant Professor 95,268 122,314 100,227 88,638 69,562
New Assistant Prof 102,248 126,212 109,794 91,492 71,947
History          
Professor 84,805 99,817 86,415 81,609 80,016
Associate Professor 64,844 70,911 66,553 63,307 62,586
Assistant Professor 55,270 59,373 56,966 53,555 54,670
New Assistant Prof 55,109 60,190 52,632 52,835 55,245

For some disciplines, CUPA-HR this year also collected and published data on full-time, non-tenure-track faculty members. These figures only cover those employed in a single contract full-time, and thus excludes the adjuncts who work full-time but who are employed on a course-by-course basis.

TEACHING NON-TENURE FACULTY  
Education
Teaching Professor 77,310
Teaching Associate Professor 65,477
Teaching Assistant Professor 55,669
Engineering
Teaching Professor 99,781
Teaching Associate Professor 80,988
Teaching Assistant Professor 67,824
Foreign Languages, Linguistics
Teaching Professor 63,993
Teaching Associate Professor 56,956
Teaching Assistant Professor 50,206
English Language/Literature/Studies
Teaching Professor 70,405
Teaching Associate Professor 58,477
Teaching Assistant Professor 49,939
Mathematics/Statistics
Teaching Professor 71,824
Teaching Associate Professor 62,501
Teaching Assistant Professor 53,045
RESEARCH NON-TENURE FACULTY  
Biological/Biomedical Sciences
Research Professor 101,776
Research Associate Professor 74,860
Research Assistant Professor 55,403
Research Scientist 49,454
Physical Sciences
Research Professor 91,746
Research Associate Professor 71,062
Research Assistant Professor 55,167
Research Scientist 46,632
Social Sciences
Research Professor 80,365
Research Associate Professor 67,846
Research Assistant Professor 62,099
Research Scientist 49,284
Medicine, Medical Clinical Sciences
Research Professor 116,555
Research Associate Professor 72,346
Research Assistant Professor 57,774
Research Scientist 59,166

 

 

 

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