A new white paper suggests better ways to promote collaboration in higher education between European and African institutions. The paper, with sections directed at governments, universities and development agencies, reflects work by the European University Association, the Association of African Universities, the Flemish Inter-University Council for Development Cooperation, the Norwegian Association of Higher Education Institutions, the European Access Network and the European Students’ Union.
Higher Education Quick Takes
The University of California at Berkeley announced Tuesday that it would eliminate five sports teams in an effort to save $4 million a year from its deficit-ridden sports program. The Berkeley sports program has been a bone of contention for faculty members and others at the university, given the heavy administrative subsidies the university has given to athletics at a time of overall financial stress at the university. Berkeley administrators said the university would end its intercollegiate programs in baseball, men's and women's gymnastics, and women's lacrosse, and transition men's rugby to a varsity club sport. Berkeley will still have 24 teams.
Following a year of several controversies, David Carter announced Tuesday that he would retire as chancellor of the Connecticut State University System. The announcement noted his long career in the system and various accomplishments. But the news follows a year of disputes in which faculty have questioned the role he played in the ouster of a campus president and politicians objected to raises approved (and amid criticism scaled back) for system leaders.
The Council for Higher Education Accreditation, whose own recognition process for accreditors parallels the federal government's, on Tuesday released a revised set of policies and procedures for the agencies, focused on increased requirements for transparency and financial independence.
SunGard Higher Education announced Tuesday that, in partnership with rSmart, the technology giant would help colleges and universities buy and integrate the open-source Sakai learning platform into their SunGard enterprise systems. The move would appear to give SunGard, which has historically focused on administrative software, some entree into the learning management space by selling subscriptions to rSmart's integrated version of Sakai; the arrangement is also likely to be a boost for Sakai. “As our customers seek to address needs of their students and faculty, they have asked us to provide them with greater flexibility,” Fred Weiss, senior vice president of SunGard Higher Education, said in a news release. “Our partnership with rSmart helps achieve this as it provides access to a community-source system with a subscription pricing model." The move follows a similar corporate/open-source partnership announced last year between Datatel and Moodlerooms, a provider of hosting and services for Moodle, another open-source learning management platform.
The technology infrastructure of postsecondary institutions continues to improve -- but the gap between doctorate and nondoctorate institutions, as measured by bandwidth, is also growing, according to a report released by the National Science Foundation. The report contains a wealth of information about the cyberinfrastructure of colleges and universities, including data on the speed and types of institutions' connections to the Internet generally and to research networks in particular, and access to high-performance computing systems. While the data show that higher education as a whole is hurtling forward into better, faster technology, it is doing so unevenly, with the gap widening instead of shrinking. In 2005, 24 percent of doctorate-granting universities and 14 percent of non-doctorate-granting institutions had total bandwidth of at least 1 gigabyte; by 2007, those figures had risen to nearly 39 percent and 20 percent, respectively. (The study estimates that the numbers by 2008 had changed to about 50 percent and 25 percent.) And 62 percent of the non-doctorate-granting institutions had bandwidth of 100 megabytes or less, compared with just 24 percent of doctorate-granting institutions.
The president of Western Governors University is one of three recipients of the 2010 McGraw Prize in Education, which this year sought to recognize contributions designed to bring successful educational reforms to scale. The prizes, worth $25,000 each and awarded annually to people who've made a major contribution to improving education in the United States, are awarded by McGraw-Hill. This year's recipient in postsecondary education is Robert W. Mendenhall, president of Western Governors, for expanding the nonprofit, online institution to 20,000 students and building support for its model of competency-based education and training. The other recipients were Larry Rosenstock of High Tech High, in secondary education, and Christopher Cerf, creator of the children's television show "Between the Lions," in pre-kindergarten and elementary education.
A student wearing a suit and bearing a rifle began shooting Tuesday in a plaza at the University of Texas at Austin, firing several times into the air but hitting no one, before entering a campus library and killing himself, the Associated Press reported. Medical examiners identified the student as a sophomore mathematics major at the university, UT officials said.
Colleges and universities reported $54.9 billion in spending on science and engineering research and development during the 2009 fiscal year, up 5.8 percent from the previous year, according to data released by the National Science Foundation. (Adjusted for inflation, that represents an increase of 4.2 percent.) The largest field within the total is the life sciences, at $32.8 billion, an increase of 5.1 percent. Among all subfields tracked, the largest percentage increase was physics, up 16.4 percent to $1.9 billion. Mathematics saw a 10.9 percent decrease, to $553 million.
In terms of which universities are spending the most on science and engineering R&D, the NSF found very little change. The top five institutions have remained the same since 2004: Johns Hopkins University (in large part because its totals include spending at the Applied Physics Laboratory), University of Michigan, University of Wisconsin at Madison, University of California at San Francisco, and the University of California at Los Angeles.
Academics are well-represented among the 23 winners, named today by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, as new MacArthur Fellows for 2010. The awardees receive $500,000, no strings attached, and they didn't even have to apply. The winners include professors at the California Institute of Technology; Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Cornell, Harvard, Oregon State and Stanford Universities; the University of California campuses at Berkeley, Davis, and San Diego; and the Universities of Chicago and Minnesota.