Faculty Salaries Up 3.2%

Study of salaries at four-year colleges finds raises in 2004-5 much better than last year's average of 2.1%.
April 1, 2005

Professors at four-year colleges and universities are getting better raises this year than they did last year.

A new survey by the College and University Professional Association for Human Resources found that the average salary increased by 3.2 percent in 2004-5, compared to a 2.1 percent average increase last year.

At private colleges, this year's raises are only marginally better than last year's -- 3.4 percent on average this year compared to 3.3 percent last year. But at public institutions, this year's average of 3.1 percent is significantly better than last year's average: 1.4 percent.

Professors in public higher education did particularly well at doctoral institutions, where the average increase was 3.4 percent, higher than the 3.1 percent increase at private institutions. Private institutions outpaced the publics at master's universities (3.5 percent to 3.0 percent) and bachelor's colleges (3.2 to 3.0).

The CUPA-HR survey does not provide average salaries for individual colleges and universities (the American Association of University Professors' survey does provide those figures). But the CUPA-HR study includes averages by rank, by collective bargaining status (comparing institutions with and without unions), and by disciplines.

Average Salaries at 4-Year Colleges by Rank and Union Status, 2004-5

Rank All Private Public Public (no union) Public (union)
Professor $85,649 $84,626 $86,149 $85,629 $87,123
Associate $64,074 $63,589 $64,342 $63,408 $66,242
Assistant $54,036 $52,922 $54,635 $54,533 $54,851
New Assistant $52,002 $50,233 $52,858 $52,625 $53,386
Instructor $40,840 $43,244 $39,978 $39,726 $40,589
All $66,407 $65,784 $66,725 $65,875 $68,453

By disciplines, the highest average salaries were in law ($111,909 across all ranks), engineering ($86,758), and business ($82,700). (The survey does not include data from professors of medicine.) By contrast, average salaries across ranks were much lower for general liberal arts faculty members ($52,981); English language and literature ($55,765), and the visual and performing arts ($56,219).

The following table shows the average salaries, across all types of institutions and faculty ranks, by discipline:

Discipline Average Salary, 2004-5
Agriculture $67,692
Natural resources $66,749
Architecture $67,839
Area, ethnic, cultural, gender studies $65,954
Communication and journalism $56,807
Communication technologies $60,184
Computer science $74,510
Education $58,060
Engineering $86,758
Engineering technologies $60,764
Foreign languages and linguistics $57,943
Family and consumer sciences $58,967
Law $111,909
English language and literature $55,765
Liberal arts (general studies) $52,981
Library science $57,630
Biological sciences $66,877
Mathematics and statistics $63,047
Multi- and interdisciplinary studies $62,254
Parks, recreation and leisure studies $54,855
Philosophy and religious studies $61,470
Theology and religious vocations $56,330
Physical sciences $68,561
Psychology $63,381
Security and protective services $57,002
Public administration $60,691
Social sciences $66,004
Visual and performing arts $56,219
Nursing $54,997
Business $82,700
History $61,006

A summary of the report and information about ordering it may be found on CUPA-HR's Web site.


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