Faculty Demographics

New data show how faculty racial composition differs among sectors of colleges. On gender, data show equity at community colleges.
May 27, 2005

Asian faculty members hold three times the number of positions of black faculty members at public doctoral universities, but black faculty members outnumber Asian faculty members at community colleges, according to new Education Department data.

The data, released Thursday, show that white faculty members hold the vast majority of full-time positions in all sectors of higher education. But the proportion of jobs differs from sector to sector.

Private bachelor's degree colleges had the largest percentage of white faculty members (85.7). At private doctoral universities, in contrast, 78.2 percent of faculty members are white.

Race of Full-Time Faculty Members, Fall 2003

Sector White Black Asian Hispanic Other
Public doctoral 78.9 4.0 12.2 3.0 2.0
Private doctoral 78.2 4.6 12.3 3.3 1.6
Public master's 78.1 8.6 7.2 3.7 2.4
Private master's 85.6 4.7 5.5 2.4 1.9
Private bachelor's 85.7 6.6 3.4 2.2 2.0
Public community college 80.7 6.9 4.0 5.9 2.5
All 80.3 5.5 8.7 3.5 2.1

The data also looked at the gender breakdown on college faculties and found a near 50-50 split at community colleges. Other sectors, however, have substantial majorities of men.

Women make up 49.6 percent of full-time faculty and instructional staff at community colleges. The following are their percentages for other sectors:

  • Public doctoral: 32.7
  • Private doctoral: 31.6
  • Public master's: 41.0
  • Private master's: 42.7
  • Private bachelor's: 40.9

In the lower paid, part-time positions, women hold larger shares of jobs. For instance, at public doctoral institutions, their share of part-time faculty jobs is 49.8.


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