Faculty Pay: Up and Uneven

CUPA-HR finds 2.1 percent median salary increase for four-year public institutions and 2 percent gain in private institutions -- and continued inequality by discipline.

March 16, 2015
 

Median base salaries of full-time faculty members at four-year colleges and universities increased by 2 percent in 2014, down from 2.1 percent the year before, according to a report being released today by the College and University Professional Association for Human Resources. The survey found slightly larger gains for those at public institutions (2.1 percent) than at private institutions (2.0 percent).

With the Consumer Price Index at 1.6 percent for the year, that means real spending power increases (but small ones) for full-time faculty members at four-year colleges.

The median average salary for non-tenure-track teaching faculty is 87.8 percent of that received by tenured/tenure-track faculty. And the ratio is better for non-tenure-track faculty members at public institutions (90.5 percent) than at private institutions (86 percent). An important caveat is that only those non-tenure track faculty members who work full-time at an institution are counted, and many part-timers are likely paid much less (even if adding up their various commitments at various colleges).

The CUPA-HR study is one of two annual reviews on the state of faculty salaries. A larger study by the American Association of University Professors, which also includes data from community colleges, will be released in April. While that study is not yet available in full, the AAUP provided some summary data for comparison to the CUPA-HR figures. The AAUP expects its study will show an overall salary increase of 2.2 percent for full-time professors, with larger gains at private institutions (2.4 percent) than at publics (2.25 percent).

Disciplinary Gaps

The AAUP study features data on individual institutions, by rank. The CUPA-HR study focuses on disciplines and does not have institution-by-institution breakdowns.

As has been the case in recent years, the gaps are large. The highest-paid disciplines, for public and private institutions alike, are law, business and engineering. The lowest-paid disciplines vary by sector and rank, but tend to come in the arts and humanities. For example, across sectors, a full professor of business would have an average salary of $126,659, while a full professor of history would have an average of $88,596. The average for a new assistant professor of computer science was $83,430 while the average for a new assistant professor of English was $58,118.

The large salary gaps for new professors may understate the financial impact of these differences. Generally, those in the higher-paying disciplines are also in fields where time to degree for Ph.D.s is considerably shorter than those in the low-paying fields. So those being paid the least have taken the longest to be able to apply for full-time jobs, and on average have more debt.

The following table shows the figures for disciplines and ranks.

Discipline
and Rank
All Inst. Research Univs* Other Doct.* Master's Bach.
ALL DISCIPLINES COMBINED          
Professor 100,087 122,030 102,255 90,694 85,377
Associate Professor 77,729 89,442 79,762 73,491 68,383
Assistant Professor 67,881 77,956 70,052 64,156 58,873
New Assistant Prof 69,096 78,280 68,189 64,212 58,205
AGRICULTURE,
AGRICULTURE OPERATIONS,
& RELATED
SCIENCES
         
Professor 99,778 shim
109,452
shim
89,011
shim
87,638
shim
72,733
Associate Professor 77,534  
82,633
 
76,954
 
63,162
 
62,074
Assistant Professor 68,290  
74,035
 
63,513
57,278
 
55,078
New Assistant Prof 73,763  
78,588
 
 
 
 
 
 
NATURAL
RESOURCES
& CONSERVATION
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
Professor 97,758  
105,567
 
102,221
 
 
 
83,873
Associate Professor 74,327  
78,755
 
76,352
 
 
 
65,429
Assistant Professor 65,302  
70,174
 
64,065
 
 
 
61,965
New Assistant Prof 64,125  
67,840
 
 
 
 
 
61,997
ARCHITECTURE
& RELATED
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
Professor 108,094  
109,795
 
 
 
 
 
 
Associate Professor 81,618  
82,532
 
84,239
 
 
 
 
Assistant Professor 66,953  
67,774
 
65,785
 
 
 
 
New Assistant Prof 65,022  
64,600
 
 
 
 
 
 
AREA, ETHNIC,
CULTURAL,
GENDER  &
GROUP STUDIES
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
Professor 105,304 113,379 95,510   109,613
Associate Professor 78,433 82,393 74,732   82,016
Assistant Professor 65,227 67,059 59,934   67,946
New Assistant Prof 62,730 64,111     64,967
COMMUNICATION, JOURNALISM
& RELATED
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
Professor 91,846 109,782 94,803 84,495 76,033
Associate Professor 70,343 78,464 73,756 66,540 62,694
Assistant Professor 59,262 64,276 62,153 55,826 54,044
New Assistant Prof 59,687 63,688 61,626 54,140 52,693
COMMUNICATIONS
TECHNOLOGIES/
TECHNICIANS &
SUPPORT
SERVICES
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
Professor 89,799        
Associate Professor 73,470        
Assistant Professor 59,012        
New Assistant Prof          
COMPUTER & INFORMATION
SCIENCES & SUPPORT
SERVICES
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
Professor 111,783 136,788 113,746 100,133 92,750
Associate Professor 91,146 107,105 93,489 87,630 77,778
Assistant Professor 79,515 94,099 81,504 75,812 64,601
New Assistant Prof 83,430 95,640 82,871 77,056 65,135
EDUCATION  
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
Professor 90,759 106,565 91,856 82,545 76,112
Associate Professor 70,103 77,049 70,970 66,797 62,909
Assistant Professor 60,114 64,782 62,035 56,545 53,873
New Assistant Prof 59,118 62,983 60,258 55,852 51,882
ENGINEERING          
Professor 126,653 139,072 119,875 110,224 100,526
Associate Professor 95,361 100,515 92,425 88,275 80,332
Assistant Professor 83,196 86,996 82,148 75,168 72,677
New Assistant Prof 83,014 87,017 80,646 76,045 67,501
ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGIES
& ENGINEERING
RELATED
         
Professor 96,282 121,811 105,223 90,155 73,051
Associate Professor 77,818 86,650 78,792 73,367 65,391
Assistant Professor 68,240 75,953 69,610 61,978 60,519
New Assistant Prof 66,289 72,584      
FOREIGN
LANGUAGES, LITERATURES, & LINGUISTICS
         
Professor 92,407 104,163 91,114 80,661 94,300
Associate Professor 70,375 73,780 69,072 66,900 72,761
Assistant Professor 59,124 62,726 58,524 56,183 59,557
New Assistant Prof 58,427 62,540 59,286 52,142 56,054
FAMILY &
CONSUMER
SCIENCES/
HUMAN
SCIENCES
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
Professor 96,162 111,482 88,275 76,658 76,974
Associate Professor 74,793 80,123 72,406 64,849 65,255
Assistant Professor 63,174 68,238 60,111 58,592  
New Assistant Prof 64,790 69,965 58,845    
LEGAL
PROFESSIONS
& STUDIES
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
Professor 143,509 167,211 152,496 120,542 107,668
Associate Professor 109,354 123,437 115,376 90,540 88,785
Assistant Professor 96,780 108,031 99,456 87,342 86,400
New Assistant Prof 87,215 101,436      
ENGLISH
LANGUAGE & LITERATURE/
LETTERS
         
Professor 86,508 101,298 88,635 81,456 79,934
Associate Professor 66,910 73,827 67,661 63,032 63,849
Assistant Professor 57,227 62,105 60,071 54,477 54,943
New Assistant Prof 58,118 63,082 59,269 53,637 56,980
LIBERAL ARTS
& SCIENCES,
GENERAL STUDIES
& HUMANITIES
         
Professor         89,888 111,618 97,005 73,859 80,386
Associate Professor 69,471 77,903 71,538 62,051 66,280
Assistant Professor 58,394 63,014 61,898   52,639
New Assistant Prof 58,367 62,051      
LIBRARY
SCIENCE
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
Professor 86,294 101,963 77,752    
Associate Professor 68,926 78,588 67,847   50,941
Assistant Professor 59,658 67,729 56,113    
New Assistant Prof 60,395 67,672      
BIOLOGICAL
& BIOMEDICAL
SCIENCES
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
Professor 101,974 125,595 105,228 85,135 81,657
Associate Professor 75,558 87,408 80,458 66,970 65,043
Assistant Professor 65,093 75,722 69,762 57,832 55,997
New Assistant Prof 63,193 73,193 67,704 54,444 55,561
MATHEMATICS
& STATISTICS
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
Professor 92,388 111,340 93,469 84,298 82,641
Associate Professor 71,333 82,434 73,481 65,696 66,063
Assistant Professor 62,442 74,740 63,553 58,114 55,798
New Assistant Prof 65,138 76,821 65,265 57,917 57,763
MULTI/
INTERDISCIPLINARY
STUDIES
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
Professor 102,196 122,812 100,989 81,693 88,365
Associate Professor 76,543 83,660 76,922 64,353 69,566
Assistant Professor 64,763 68,729 68,479   58,830
New Assistant Prof 64,337 70,084     59,322
PARKS,
RECREATION,
LEISURE &
FITNESS
STUDIES
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
Professor 86,902 109,992 89,973 82,387 72,073
Associate Professor 70,069 80,256 71,902 66,769 61,244
Assistant Professor 59,166 68,256 62,693 55,018 51,760
New Assistant Prof 59,091 68,496 59,505 57,888 47,337
PHILOSOPHY
& RELIGIOUS
STUDIES
         
Professor 92,062 107,593 100,437 85,348 86,923
Associate Professor 69,160 76,175 71,968 65,449 66,780
Assistant Professor 58,508 63,301 59,861 54,336 56,835
New Assistant Prof 58,084 63,051 59,166 52,811 54,692
THEOLOGY &
RELIGIOUS
VOCATIONS
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
Professor 80,682 111,868 81,562 79,951 70,456
Associate Professor 65,710 81,026 63,521 64,685 61,276
Assistant Professor 56,947 71,921 58,593 56,971 53,489
New Assistant Prof 54,675        
PHYSICAL
SCIENCES
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
Professor 96,427 118,254 96,090 85,769 86,453
Associate Professor 73,191 85,117 74,161 66,657 67,568
Assistant Professor 63,349 74,144 64,502 57,832 56,925
New Assistant Prof 64,518  
73,934
 
63,505
 
59,476
 
58,022
 
PSYCHOLOGY
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
Professor 92,568 115,379 94,930 85,832 83,160
Associate Professor 70,336 79,636 72,562 66,234 65,298
Assistant Professor 60,195 68,968 63,212 57,122 55,627
New Assistant Prof 59,920  
68,388
 
59,521
 
57,464
 
52,649
HOMELAND SECURITY,
LAW ENFORCEMENT,
FIREFIGHTING &
RELATED SERVICES
       
Professor 91,643 114,351 97,099 85,605 71,140
Associate Professor 70,793 79,850 68,945 70,171 59,097
Assistant Professor 59,527 64,758 60,668 60,700 54,033
New Assistant Prof 59,933
64,778
 
61,717
 
60,194
 
53,950

PUBLIC
ADMINISTRATION &
SOCIAL SERVICE
PROFESSIONS

         
Professor 98,604 119,956 99,491 78,324 73,152
Associate Professor 75,031 85,322 76,061 64,563 60,288
Assistant Professor 63,089 71,233 61,309 59,103 52,367
New Assistant Prof 64,332 75,031 61,754 59,341 49,816
SOCIAL SCIENCES  
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
Professor 97,729  
115,904
99,368
 
87,859
 
91,082
Associate Professor 75,089  
83,933
 
77,137
 
69,404
 
71,606
Assistant Professor 64,177  
71,672
 
64,480
 
59,032
 
61,204
New Assistant Prof 65,361  
72,848
 
62,953
 
56,559
 
61,446
VISUAL &
PERFORMING
ARTS
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
 
     
 
Professor 85,634 95,640 89,848 80,100 82,567
Associate Professor 66,975 71,616 69,662 63,438 65,235
Assistant Professor 56,692 59,646 58,288 54,934 55,272
New Assistant Prof 55,663 58,631 54,561 55,250 54,847
HEALTH
PROFESSIONS
& RELATED
         
Professor 105,614 125,309 97,844 84,106 80,569
Associate Professor 81,915 91,652 76,888 73,599 67,897
Assistant Professor 69,155 76,148 67,742 62,966 58,668
New Assistant Prof 68,243 75,024 67,823 62,638 55,528
BUSINESS,
MANAGEMENT,
MARKETING &
RELATED SERVICES
       
Professor 126,659 165,684 132,422 111,044 93,973
Associate Professor 107,183 133,199 111,386 100,692 82,349
Assistant Professor 103,438 130,023 107,994 94,749 76,243
New Assistant Prof 110,865 134,016 107,132 95,749 78,144
HISTORY
GENERAL
         
Professor 88,596 104,995 89,083 82,297 84,659
Associate Professor 67,342 74,841 69,768 64,089 64,120
Assistant Professor 57,773 61,857 59,822 54,167 56,998
New Assistant Prof 57,514 62,308 56,475 53,220 54,675

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