Sharing the Failures

Princeton professor publishes CV of programs that rejected him, journals that said no and grant applications that were nixed.

May 2, 2016
Johannes Haushofer

By most measures, Johannes Haushofer has successfully launched his academic career. After earning degrees at the University of Oxford, Harvard University and the University of Zurich, he landed a postdoc at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and he's now an assistant professor of psychology and public affairs at Princeton University. You can check out his CV here.

But the CV academics have been talking about the past few days isn't standard. It is Haushofer's CV of Failures, listing all the rejection he has faced in his academic career, from programs of study to jobs to grants.

Haushofer introduces his failure CV by explaining its rationale: "Most of what I try fails, but these failures are often invisible, while the successes are visible. I have noticed that this sometimes gives others the impression that most things work out for me. As a result, they are more likely to attribute their own failures to themselves, rather than the fact that the world is stochastic, applications are crapshoots and selection committees and referees have bad days. This CV of Failures is an attempt to balance the record and provide some perspective."

He notes that others have done the same and credits an article in Nature by Melanie I. Stefan for giving him the idea.

Others have argued over the years that academe would be a better place for all with more understanding of failure, and how it may lead to success.

In a 2012 essay in Inside Higher Ed, Edward Burger, then a professor at Williams College and now president of Southwestern University, described how he required students to engage in failure in his courses, by trying things that would not work, and that part of their grades were based on the quality of the failure.

The CV of Failure is generally winning good reviews on social media:

Not everyone has been impressed. Some have noted that Haushofer's failures were fairly quickly followed by success. Sure, he was turned down for assistant professor jobs at Harvard and MIT, but he landed one at Princeton. He cites five papers that were rejected for publication, but has far more on his official CV that were published.

A column by Sonia Sodha in The Guardian argued that "only successful people" can afford to share such a failure CV, and that such a document could send the false message that one needs only try and try and success will follow. The column suggested it would be better for successful people to publish "CV of good fortune." She explained: "It’s not to say that I can’t take any credit for any successes I might have had, but I think my own good fortune CV would contain more hard truths about how the world works than my failure CV."

Of course, success and failure are relative. The last item on Haushofer's document, added after he posted it originally: "This darn CV of Failures has received way more attention than my entire body of academic work."

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Scott Jaschik

Scott Jaschik, Editor, is one of the three founders of Inside Higher Ed. With Doug Lederman, he leads the editorial operations of Inside Higher Ed, overseeing news content, opinion pieces, career advice, blogs and other features. Scott is a leading voice on higher education issues, quoted regularly in publications nationwide, and publishing articles on colleges in publications such as The New York Times, The Boston Globe, The Washington Post, Salon, and elsewhere. He has been a judge or screener for the National Magazine Awards, the Online Journalism Awards, the Folio Editorial Excellence Awards, and the Education Writers Association Awards. Scott served as a mentor in the community college fellowship program of the Hechinger Institute on Education and the Media, of Teachers College, Columbia University. He is a member of the board of the Education Writers Association. From 1999-2003, Scott was editor of The Chronicle of Higher Education. Scott grew up in Rochester, N.Y., and graduated from Cornell University in 1985. He lives in Washington.

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