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The federal agencies charged with restricting the export of certain technologies and the sharing of those technologies with foreign nationals in the U.S. would benefit from better information about which universities face the most risk of exposure, the Government Accountability Office said in a report Tuesday.

The GAO report relates to the issue of whether foreign governments like China’s are targeting sensitive research information at American universities—efforts that have intensified in recent years. The report focuses on the outreach by the Departments of Commerce and Homeland Security and other agencies to universities to help guard against possible breaches and the extent to which the agencies can target their efforts at the institutions most at risk.

The review found that the agencies either don’t take risk into consideration or rate the institutions’ risk on too narrow a set of factors. The report lays out a set of recommendations to improve the information available to the agencies about institutional risk.