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A new analysis from the Center for American Progress shows black and Latino students are underrepresented in the country's most selective public research universities. As many as 193,000 black and Latino students would have enrolled in these selective colleges in 2014 if student representation was proportional, according to the report.

The study finds that minority students are overrepresented in less selective public four-year colleges, community and technical colleges. Approximately 9 percent of black students and 12 percent of Latino students attend top public research universities.

"Disparities in college enrollment matter, as the type of school a student attends plays a substantial role in their likelihood of successful completion," says the report. "The most elite public colleges conduct high levels of academic research, have selective admissions and produce strong outcomes. At these colleges, the average graduation rate is nearly double those at less selective public colleges."