Higher Education Quick Takes
What will higher education look like in 2020? A new report from the Britain-based Observatory on Borderless Higher Education draws on interviews with 21 international education professionals in an attempt to answer just that. Here are a few of its main findings:
On MOOCs (massive open online courses), their impact “on pedagogy and university business models will be profound but an evolutionary shift rather than an avalanche of change.”
On mobility, the demand for higher education worldwide will continue to grow, but at a lower rate than in the past 20 years. Growth in international student mobility will not keep pace with the overall growth in demand due to increased capacity in domestic higher education systems and the growth of transnational education opportunities. Specifically, “India’s share of internationally mobile students will rise and China’s will fall. Domestic capacities and demography both pull in that direction.”
Furthermore, the rate of growth for transnational education will exceed the growth in international student mobility. International branch campus activity will be increasingly intra-regional and “South-South” in nature.
China and Malaysia will rise as exporters of higher education.
Students will prefer blended learning to fully online learning: “The future is blended.”
Regarding the unbundling of degrees, in which students earn credits from a variety of institutions (and types of institutions), “The future is also unbundled.”
On public provision of resources, “[t]he gradual withdrawal of the state from the funding of [higher education] teaching in the developed world will not be reversed as the global economy enters a recovery cycle up to 2020. User pays is becoming the norm, though withdrawal of public funding in wealthy countries in continental Europe is unlikely.”
At the same time, governments will put pressure on universities to drive down the costs of degrees. "The online revolution and the ability to unbundle provision from awards, while maintaining access to public loans and grants, will make this feasible. Top research universities will be unaffected. The cultural divide between the elite and the rest will widen in the U.S and U.K."
Public universities will increasingly see private and for-profit institutions as potential partners.
Union College in New York has asked current leaders of the Sigma Delta Tau chapter to put its pledging activity on hold as the college and national sorority review hazing claims, as detailed by a former member in a Cosmopolitan article.
“We don’t tolerate hazing at Union,” a college spokesman, Phillip Wajda, wrote in an e-mail. “The column references incidents that allegedly took place three years ago and we are working with the national chapter of Sigma Delta Tau to review the claims.”
In the column, a former sorority member and recent graduate of the college details her experience pledging Sigma Delta Tau, which she said included line-ups, lock-ins and being accessible 24-7. Tess Koman wrote that the benefits of sorority involvement outweighed the hazing. “From the very beginning, one message colors everything you do: if you want what we have, if you want to be worthy of our attention, if you want to be one of us, you’ll do what we say. Oh, also? You are not to tell ANYONE about it,” Koman wrote.
Salem State University was on lockdown for hours Wednesday afternoon as police sought a suspect in the alleged stabbing of a female rider and male driver on a university shuttle bus. Students and staff were ordered to shelter in place and classes were canceled for the day, as officials warned the suspect may have returned to campus. Salem State lifted the lockdown mid-afternoon as police released a photo of the 25-year-old suspect.
Billy Day, a tenured pharmacy professor at the University of Pittsburgh, has been charged with using federal grant funds and university funds to buy drugs that he used for himself, The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette reported. He has been released on bond but has declined comment. The pharmacy chair contacted university police after he approached Day to ask about drugs he was buying. The police complaint says that Day said he was using the drugs for himself, and needed to go into a rehabilitation clinic.
The University of Athens and several other Greek universities have announced that they can no longer operate because of all the layoffs ordered as parts of various austerity programs in Greece, The Guardian reported. The rector at Athens said that the university simply no longer has the staff to keep its facilities open and its classrooms staffed with instructors.
Amid renewed calls for colleges to start paying athletes, several organizations representing college and university athletics directors issued a joint statement Wednesday denouncing the idea. The statement said that the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics (NACDA), the 1A Athletic Directors' Association, the Football Championship Subdivision Athletics Directors Association (FCS ADA) and the Division I-AAA Athletics Directors Association were working together to support reforms of intercollegiate athletics. The statement quoted Morgan Burke, athletics director at Purdue University, and spokesman for the various associations as saying that paying athletes is not part of a solution the real problems that exist. "Pay for play has no part in the amateur setting," Burke said. He noted that the value of a full scholarship and support services for an athlete at Purdue exceeds $250,000.
The National Labor Relations Board has agreed to review Pacific Lutheran University's request to that it reconsider a regional board official's recent decision to allow the university's adjunct faculty to vote on forming a union. Pacific Lutheran objected on a number of grounds, including its religious nature. The national NRLB issued a brief statement that said: "The employer’s request for review of the regional director’s decision and direction of election raises substantial issues warranting review solely with respect to the assertion of jurisdiction over the employer and the determination that certain faculty members are not managerial employees." The local Service Employees International Union, with which the adjunct faculty union is affiliated, did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
The federal government should prod states to better measure the performance of college teacher education programs and redistribute federal funds for the programs to allow a small number of states each year to redesign their training approaches, the Education Trust argues in a new report. The group, which advocates for low-income students, is the latest in a string of reports criticizing the current performance of campus teaching training programs and recommending ways for Congress to reimagine the government's approach to the programs when it renews the Higher Education Act in the coming years.
Evan Dobelle, president of Westfield State University, is under fire for what Massachusetts officials consider to be extravagant or inappropriate spending. The Republican quoted sources saying that Dobelle is exploring the idea of using the state's whistleblower protection law to protect himself. The theory is that since he self-reported some of the questionable spending, he is a whistleblower. A spokeswoman for the university said she didn't know of any legal strategy being considered. But the newspaper noted that Dobelle has of late been telling people "I self-reported."