The following are the winners of the 2016 Pulitzer Prizes in the various cultural categories:
- Fiction: Viet Thanh Nguyen, who teaches English and American Studies at the University of Southern California, won for his novel The Sympathizer.
- Drama: Lin-Manuel Miranda won for his Broadway hit Hamilton.
- History: T. J. Stiles won for Custer's Trials: A Life on the Frontier of a New America.
- Biography: William Finnegan won for Barbarian Days: A Surfing Life.
- Poetry: Peter Balakian, the Donald M. and Constance H. Rebar Professor in humanities and a professor of English at Colgate University, won for Ozone Journal.
- General nonfiction: Joby Warrick won for Black Flags: The Rise of ISIS.
- Music: Henry Threadgill won for In for a Penny, In for a Pound.