A study published Wednesday in the journal Nature, by a team of 253 scientists, identified 74 genetic variants that are associated with educational attainment. The researchers cautioned that the link was a small one, and that environmental factors were also at play. In a statement, Daniel Benjamin, corresponding author and an associate professor in the Center for Economic and Social Research at the University of Southern California, said, "The very small effects of individual genetic variants is itself an important finding, which echoes what we've seen in our own earlier work. It means that simplistic interpretations of our results, such as calling them 'genes for education,' are totally misleading. At the same time, despite the small effects of individual genetic variants, the results are useful because we can learn a lot from studying the combined effects of the genetic variants taken all together."
Higher Education Quick Takes
The University of Southern California has announced a $200 million gift from Larry Ellison, the founder of Oracle. The gift will support a new interdisciplinary center on cancer research and treatment.
The University of California Board of Regents is expected to approve a new policy that will triple the number of athletes who are guaranteed to continue receiving financial aid even after a career-ending sports injury. The proposed change was recommended by a working group of the system's athletic directors, the Associated Press reported. Because they are members of the Pac-12 Conference, UC Berkeley and UCLA already offer such scholarship protections to athletes. The new policy would expand the guarantee to athletes at the University of California's Davis, Irvine, Riverside, Santa Barbara and San Diego campuses.
The policy was unanimously approved by a Board of Regents committee Wednesday. The full board will consider adopting the policy on Thursday.
Northland College, in Wisconsin, announced that it will no longer require all applicants to submit SAT or ACT scores. Anyone with a 3.0 grade point average in high school may opt not to submit.
Authorities at the University of Tennessee at Knoxville have charged Yibo Hwang, a freshman, with 14 criminal counts, including nine counts of felony theft, after finding more than 100 stolen items in his room. The value of the objects -- including laptops, hard drives, cameras and much more -- is more than $100,000. Some of the items appear stolen from the university, and others from individuals. A graduate student is credited with leading police to the suspect.
Female Ph.D.s in science and engineering earn 31 percent less than their male cohorts one year after graduation, according to a new study in American Economic Review: Papers and Proceedings. When controlling for the fact that women tend to earn degrees in fields that pay less than those in which more men earn degrees, the observed gap dropped to 11 percent. And the gap disappeared when controlling for whether the women were married and had children. "There's a dramatic difference in how much early-career men and women in the sciences are paid," Bruce Weinberg, co-author of the study and professor of economics at Ohio State University, said in a news release. "We can't tell from our data what's going on there. There's probably a combination of factors. Some women may consciously choose to be primary caregivers and pull back from work. But there may also be some employers putting women on a 'mommy track' where they get paid less."
Weinberg’s co-authors were Catherine Buffington and Benjamin Cerf of the U.S. Census Bureau and Christina Jones of the American Institutes for Research. The researchers used previously unavailable data regarding 1,237 students who received Ph.D.s from four U.S. universities from 2007-10 and were supported on research projects while in school. Data included federal funding support the Ph.D. graduates received as students, the dissertations they wrote (used to determine their field of study) and U.S. Census data on where they worked and how much they earned one year after graduation -- as well as their marital and parental status.
Some 59 percent of women completed dissertations in biology, chemistry and health, compared to just 27 percent of men. Men were more likely to complete degrees in fields that tend to be more lucrative, according to the study, including engineering, computer science and physics. About equal percentages of men and women were married, and more men had children. But married women with children saw lower pay one year out of graduate school, according to the study.
The Emory University Senate Standing Committee for Open Expression has issued an analysis of the recent incidents in which "Trump 2016" and similar statements were chalked on campus, angering many minority students and setting off a debate on free speech. The panel found that the chalkings were free expression. Further, the panel said that the complaints of some students that the chalkings were intimidating was not relevant.
"[A] statement like 'Trump 2016' is core political expression," the analysis said. "If any expression is protected under the [university's] policy, clearly this includes expressions of support for or opposition to candidates or their policies. This is true whether the statement is made honestly, ironically (e.g., 'Billionaires for Bush'), or with any other subjective intent. Therefore, whether the chalkings were made to intimidate or 'merely to advocate for a particular candidate' is not relevant to whether they are protected expression under the policy."
A new scholarship program will fund 500 immigrant students who are unable to attend college in their home states.
TheDream.US, a scholarship program for undocumented students who came to the country as children, will fund students from states that would require them to pay out-of-state tuition -- or bar them from enrolling in college at all.
Those selected will attend college at Eastern Connecticut State University or Delaware State University. Students will receive up to $80,000 for tuition, fees, on-campus housing and meals. In addition to the 500 scholarships, TheDream.US will also provide 100 scholarships of up to $7,250 for in-state immigrant students attending either university.
"We're pleased to take part in this program and do what we can to give hardworking students the chance to succeed," Connecticut Governor Dannel P. Malloy said in a statement. "Our state stands to benefit from welcoming them -- along with their talents and potential -- to our communities and to our schools."
“These students will make Delaware State a stronger institution for everyone, and I am thrilled that we are welcoming these talented young people to Delaware,” that state's governor, Jack Markell, said in a statement.
The scholarships will be announced at the end of June, and they will go to students in 16 states: Alaska, Arkansas, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, North Dakota, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, West Virginia and Wisconsin.
Columbia University announced a series of new benefits for graduate students this week. John H. Coatsworth, provost, wrote in an email to Ph.D. students that beginning in the fall, those eligible for funding get 12 weeks parental leave and an additional, optional unfunded semester away. Students may also receive a child care subsidy of $2,000 per year for children under five who are not enrolled in kindergarten. International students also will see their special services fee paid by their college or school.
“We remain committed to a continuing dialogue with you to enhance the overall experience of our graduate students,” Coatsworth wrote. The United Auto Workers Union, with which Columbia graduate students are affiliated, said in a statement that graduate workers had been calling on the university to help students with families care for them while maintaining their academic standing. They continue to seek formal union recognition.