Higher Education Quick Takes

Quick Takes

February 25, 2014

President Obama will announce Tuesday the opening of two new "manufacturing innovation instititues" in the Detroit and Chicago areas that pair research universities with private sector firms.

The administration will provide $140 million for the two centers, and non-federal sources will provide an additional $140 million, according to a White House official. The goal of the institutes, the White House said, is to bridge the gap between applied research and manufacturing product development.

One of the institutes will be headquartered in the Detroit area and will focus on lightweight and modern metals manufacturing. The center will pair 34 companies with nine universities and labs: Colorado School of Mines, Michigan State University, Michigan Tech University, The Ohio State University, University of Kentucky, University of Michigan, University of Notre Dame, University of Tennessee, and Wayne State University. Columbus State Community College, Ivy Tech, Macomb Community College, and Pellissippi State Community College are also involved in the partnership.

A second institute for digital manufacturing and design innovation will be based in Chicago and led by UI Labs, a nonprofit research organization at the University of Illinois. The consortium includes 41 companies and 23 universities and labs: University of Colorado Boulder, Illinois Institute of Technology, Indiana University, Iowa State University, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Northern Illinois University, Northwestern University, Notre Dame, Oregon State, Purdue University, Rochester Institute of Technology, Southern Illinois University, University of Chicago, University of Illinois at Chicago, University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign, University of Iowa, University of Louisville, University of Michigan, University of Nebraska- Lincoln, University of Northern Iowa, University of Texas – Austin, University of Wisconsin – Madison, and Western Illinois University.

The administration has proposed federal funding to create a network of 45 similar institutes, but Congress has not approved that plan. Last year, the Obama administration used its executive authority to use existing funding across five federal agencies in order to provide $200 million to establish three institutions. The first institute, an electronics manufacturing center in Raleigh, N.C., was announced last month, and the administration previously set up a pilot site in Youngstown, Ohio.


February 25, 2014

Amherst College and the Federal Bureau of Investigation are renewing a search for a painting stolen in 1975, the Associated Press reported. Three paintings were stolen at that time and two were recovered in 1989. But college officials and the FBI hope that publicity will produce leads to the whereabouts of the third work stolen, "Interior with Figures Smoking and Drinking," by the Dutch artist Jan Baptist Lambrechts, believed to have been painted in the early 18th century.


February 25, 2014

Rutgers University, already the most prolific subsidizer of sports of all Division I public institutions, gave its athletics department nearly $47 million in 2012-13, USA Today reported, a 67.9 percent increase over the 2011-12 subsidy of $27.9 million. Rutgers athletics is $79 million in the red, but officials say that the university’s move to the Big Ten Conference will generate close to $200 million over its first 12 years as a member. The most recent subsidies make up 59.9 percent of the athletics department’s total allocations, and total more than the entire operating revenues at all but 53 of Division I’s 228 public sports programs.

February 25, 2014

Lesley University adjuncts have voted to form a union affiliated with the Service Employees International Union, becoming the second group of Boston-area adjuncts to do so. Tufts University adjuncts voted in favor of a union in September, as part of SEIU’s Adjunct Action campaign to organize adjuncts and improve their working conditions across multiple U.S. cities. Lesley's adjuncts voted 359 in favor and 67 opposed.

Norah Dooley, an adjunct instructor of business management and communications and Lesley graduate, said in a news release that the issues surrounding adjunct labor in higher education -- such as relatively low per-course pay compared to tenure-line colleagues and little to no benefits -- are “complex” but “not intractable.” And as an alum, Dooley said she wanted Lesley to take a “leadership role in this movement.” A Lesley spokeswoman did not immediately respond to a request for comment. still no response from lesley? dl

February 25, 2014

Indiana has become the first state to join a national initiative aimed at making it easier for distance education programs to obtain the necessary regulatory approvals when they enroll students across state lines.

Indiana’s application was approved by the Midwestern Higher Education Compact, one of the four regional higher education interstate compacts that are implementing the state reciprocity initiative, called the National Council for State Authorization Reciprocity Agreements. In order to join, a state has to meet certain minimum standards in how it authorizes programs and provides consumer protections for students. The goal is to streamline the state authorization process for distance providers who face a variety of different state regulations when they want to offer online courses outside the state in which they are headquartered. Marshall A. Hill, NC-SARA's executive director, last year set a goal of 20 member states by the end of 2014.

Beyond the patchwork of state laws governing distance education, the U.S. Education Department is also in the process of rewriting a regulation that would require online programs that want to participate in federal student aid programs to obtain permission from regulators in each and every state in which they enroll students. A previous version of that rule, known as the “state authorization” requirement, was struck down by a federal appeals court in 2012.

Department officials indicated last week, in kicking of the negotiated rulemaking process for the new rule, that they are interested in considering how state reciprocity agreements should be factored into the federal government’s state authorization requirements. 

February 25, 2014

Amid the flood of new gadgets unveiled at the Mobile World Congress in Barcelona this week, Facebook founder and CEO Mark Zuckerberg on Monday announced a partnership with the massive open online course provider edX to offer free courses in Rwanda. The initiative, known as SocialEDU, gives students in Rwanda access to edX content through the Facebook mobile app. Nokia and Airtel will offer inexpensive smart phones and data plans, respectively, to aid the effort. Facebook and Nokia are, along with a handful of other companies, members of the Internet.org organization, which works to provide internet access to developing countries.

February 25, 2014

At the request of President Neil D. Theobald, Temple University’s Board of Trustees voted Monday to reinstate its women’s rowing and men’s crew teams, after cutting the squads, along with five other sports, in December based on a recommendation by Athletics Director Kevin Clark. Although the cuts were motivated by both financial and Title IX considerations, the U.S. Education Department’s Office for Civil Rights announced last week it would investigate whether the university “is failing to provide equal athletic opportunity for female athletes compared to male athletes, with regard to locker rooms, practice and competitive facilities, housing and dining facilities and services, and in the area of athletic financial assistance.”

Campus officials had said the cost of renovating the crew and rowing teams’ facilities was too high to continue with the sports, but Theobald and Philadelphia Mayor Michael Nutter also announced Monday that the city and a trustee have donated money to renovate the East Park Canoe House.

February 25, 2014

In today’s Academic Minute, Nicholas Leadbeater of the University of Connecticut continues his examination of the chemistry of the show "Breaking Bad." Today he discusses Walter White's use of acids to make evidence disappear. Learn more about the Academic Minute here.


February 24, 2014

The Vassar Jewish Union has become the second Hillel affiliate, after the chapter at Swarthmore College, to declare itself an "Open Hillel" and resolve that it will not abide by a ban on anti-Israel speakers imposed by its parent organization. Hillel International guidelines prohibit campus chapters from partnering with or hosting groups or speakers that seek to delegitimize, demonize or apply a double standard to Israel, or that support the boycott, divestment and sanctions movement, but in a statement the Vassar Jewish Union said the policy “censors and delegitimizes the diverse range of personal and political opinions held by Jewish students."

“We believe that Hillel International’s goal to ‘inspire every Jewish college student to develop a meaningful and enduring relationship to Israel’ does not represent the diverse opinions of young American Jews,” the statement says, in part. “We believe that fostering a pluralistic community and supporting all Jewish life on campus cannot be achieved with Hillel International’s Israel Guidelines in place."

The president of Hillel International, Eric Fingerhut, told The Jewish Daily Forward that the organization’s expectation is that Hillel affiliates will continue to uphold the group’s standards for partners and co-sponsors.

February 24, 2014

Judith Butler, a noted literary theorist who is the Wun Tsun Tam Mellon Visiting Professor of the Humanities at Columbia University, has called off a talk she was supposed to give at the Jewish Museum in New York City, amid criticism of her support for the boycott of Israel. Butler's talk was not to have been about her views on the Middle East, but on Franz Kafka, who died well before the State of Israel was created. A statement from the museum said: "She was chosen on the basis of her expertise on the subject matter to be discussed. While her political views were not a factor in her participation, the debates about her politics have become a distraction making it impossible to present the conversation about Kafka as intended."

In an email to Inside Higher Ed, Butler said: "I did decide to withdraw when it became clear to me that the uproar over my political views (actually, a serious distortion of my political views) would overtake the days ahead and the event itself. As I understand it, the Jewish Museum also felt that it could not handle the political storm, and we were in complete agreement that the event should be canceled as a result."

She continued: "What is most important now, in my view, is for both educational and cultural institutions such as these to recommit themselves to open debate, not to become vehicles for censorship and slander, and not to become party to forms of blacklisting. It certainly should not be the case that any of us are forced to give up speaking in public on scholarly topics that have no bearing on the political issues that are so controversial. It constitutes discrimination against a person on the basis of political viewpoint, implying that the speaker ought not to be allowed to speak on any topic given the political viewpoint in question. It is one thing to disagree, say, with my political viewpoint and to give reasons why one disagrees, even to call for an open debate on that disagreement, and to ask the Jewish Museum to exercise its authority and commit its resources to such an open debate. It is quite another to say that anyone with my political viewpoint (itself badly distorted in this case) should not be able to speak at a Jewish cultural organization.... Whether one is for or against [the boycott movement], it seems important to recognize that boycotts are constitutionally recognized forms of political expression, affirmed by international law as well. That means that one cannot exactly outlaw a boycott, even if one opposes it with great vehemence, without trampling on a constitutionally protected right. We are seeing several efforts now to curtail speech, to exercise censorship, and so cultural institutions like the Jewish Museum will now have to decide whether they will allow their choices of speakers and artworks to be coerced, whether they will have the courage and the principle to stand for freedom of expression, refusing to impose a political litmus speakers on speakers and artists who have every reason to be part of the broader community they serve and have ideas on many other topics to share."


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