Higher Education Quick Takes
University tuition fees rose by 2.58 percent in 40 developed countries in 2011 (1.76 percent when accounting for inflation), but student aid increased as well, leading to an overall increase in higher education affordability worldwide, according to a study published today by Higher Education Strategy Associates, a research group. While tuition rose significantly in the United States and South Africa, it fell by more than 5 percent in Pakistan, China, Hong Kong, Russia and Turkey; and while student aid declined in the U.S., due to cutbacks in Pell Grants, it increased significantly in Chile, Colombia, Indonesia, Nigeria, Singapore and South Africa, the group found.
Republicans in the Michigan House of Representatives are threatening to cut the budget of the University of Michigan if it does not provide more details on its research with stem cells, The Detroit Free Press reported. The Republicans are specifically demanding information about the exact number of stem cell lines at Michigan, something university officials say is more complicated than it may sound. The university has turned over a report on its work with stem cells, but that hasn't satisfied the legislators.
Some student loan borrowers with the biggest debt loads didn't fully understand what they were getting into when they borrowed the money, a survey of those borrowers has found. The survey, by the advocacy group Young Invincibles and NERA Economic Consulting, asked borrowers who signed a petition about student loan forgiveness what they were told when they took out the loans. About two-thirds of the respondents, who had an average debt load of $76,000, said they didn't understand the difference between private loans and federal loans. Federal loans have more protections and typically lower interest rates than privately offered loans. Two-thirds also said they misunderstood or were surprised by something in the borrowing and repayment process.
Twenty percent said they found the amount of their monthly payments surprising. An additional 20 percent were surprised by repayment terms, and 15 percent were surprised by the amount of interest they would have to pay. Many of those borrowers appear to look back ruefully: "I wish I asked a million more questions than what I did, but at the same time, I don’t think I knew what to ask," one said, according to the report, "High Debt, Low Information."
Borrowers with more than $50,000 in debt are a small fraction -- about 11 percent -- of student debtors over all. The average outstanding student loan debt is $23,300.
College professors are perceived by the public as more unfriendly to religion now than they were seen in 2003, according to the results of a recent poll by the Pew Research Center. Thirty-two percent of respondents said college professors are "unfriendly" toward religion, 37 percent said they view professors as neutral on religion and 14 percent said college professors were friendly to religion. In 2003, 26 percent described professors as unfriendly and 18 percent as friendly.
Republicans and white evangelical Protestants were more likely to say college professors were anti-religion: 56 percent of both groups said professors were unfriendly to religion. Other religious groups, as well as Democrats, generally view professors as neutral.
Research universities should incorporate more "arts making" -- the process of creating works of art -- into their curriculums to help develop "new generations of leaders who are adept in the use of all of their creative cognitive faculties," says a new report from a group of campus leaders convened last year by the University of Michigan. The report, developed by administrators and faculty members from about two dozen of the leading research institutions in the United States, examines what the institutions do now (and what they might do) to integrate such work into their curriculums (and extracurricular activities), and how to advocate for a greater role for such a focus.
A Boston College football player is facing charges of violating the wiretap statute in Massachusetts by secretly recording another football player having sex with a female student, the Associated Press reported. The female student says that she found out about the recording after the football player distributed it and people started making fun of her. A lawyer for the football player facing charges denied wrongdoing and questioned whether the videotape exists.
Health-care costs associated with college students' blackouts reach hundreds of thousands of dollars at large universities, according to new research in the journal Health Affairs. The study analyzed the patterns of student drinking at five universities and found that blackout-related medical problems included broken bones, head and brain injuries, and other serious problems. Based on the research, the study estimates that large universities (with more than 40,000 students) could send enough students to hospitals for blackout-related medical care to incur costs of $469,000 to $546,000 each per year. The study's authors are Marlon P. Mundt and Larissa I. Zakletskaia, both of the department of family medicine at the University of Wisconsin at Madison.
Paul H. Frampton, a physicist who holds an endowed chair at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, is in an Argentine jail facing cocaine charges, and he is fighting both those charges and the university's decision to suspend his salary, The News & Observer of Raleigh reported. Frampton said that the cocaine was planted in his luggage, and that he is confident he will be able to show that in court. But he said he needs his salary paid, and is frustrated that it was cut off. Frampton said that Provost Bruce Carney blocked his pay out of professional jealousy. A university spokeswoman declined to say why Frampton's pay was suspended, but university officials have noted that he is not teaching as scheduled. But Frampton said he has continued to work 40-plus hours a week in prison, and has been advising his graduate students from afar (one of his advisees confirmed this).